Waste, with all its types (e.g., municipal solid waste and Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE; or e-waste) is a pressing sustainability issue worldwide and especially in developing countries. It is a concern in several developing countries due to lack of regulations and waste management standards and proper practices. The improper methods of waste in developing countries include, e.g., uncontrol dumping (uncontrolled landfilling), Open dumping, open burning, and informal recycling. All pose significant impacts on both public health and environment. There are other issues associated with the waste issue in developing countries such as the social and negative impacts. Other issues associated with waste management at a global level might include increasing generated amounts, resource utilization, the hazardous content (e.g., e-waste), international trading, illegal dumping, social acceptability, and the economic burden. Therefore, waste management is a complex sustainability issue due to the multiple elements that bear on its management.
CURRENT RESEARCH TOPIC
Energy is my present research work. My current research endeavors in energy-related research focus on developed countries. It is involved in environmental impact assessment, environmental impact reduction, emission estimates, energy balances, energy material flow, life cycle assessment from the cradle to the grave, including mining and production activities. My research on energy topics considers these impacts from various energy sources: oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear, hydro, wind, solar, geothermal, biofuels, and waste.